Encryption tools and communication services

Reporters Without Borders does not recommend specific tools and services. Digital security is complex. Individual needs have to be identified in a personal threat modeling. Therefore, we do not give recommendations, but provide important information about common tools and services. Please have a look on our key questions to make your personal assessment.

Transport ecryption for browsing

While the transport encryption is not perfect, it at least secures the connection between users and the servers to exclude third parties during the transmission process. On the web, a website with only http does not offer transport encryption, but https does. Be aware: On an http website, all information is transmitted in plain text.

Unfortunately, users cannot decide on their own whether or not to use https for every website. It needs to be implemented by the website operator. However, the browser extension https-everywhere helps user to enable https every time if it’s technically possible.


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